The Marine Reserve

The Redfish Rocks Marine Reserve is located off the south Oregon coast between Rocky Point and Coal Point, just south of the town of Port Orford. The site includes a marine reserve with an MPA to the west that stretches offshore towards the state’s Territorial Sea boundary.

What Makes Redfish Rocks Unique?

Beneath the surface, the marine reserve includes emergent rocks and islands surrounded by high-relief rocky reef and bedrock, intermixed with cobble and boulder fields. Kelp beds are found in between the islands and the shore. These habitats support a wide diversity of fish, invertebrates, and seaweeds. The MPA is located west of the rocky reef. The MPA is dominated by large stretches of sand broken up by patches of rock habitat of varying size.

This site is Oregon’s only marine reserve located south of Cape Blanco. Cape Blanco is a known biogeographic break — where the north-south extent of some species begin or end — within the California Current System.

From land, visitors can find views overlooking the reserve from nearby parks at Port Orford Heads, Battle Rock, and Humbug Mountain. Looking out over the reserve you’ll find five distinctive islands rising dramatically above the surface of the water. These islands are part of the Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge and are home to seabirds and marine mammals. Nearby towns and ports include Port Orford and Gold Beach.

Harvest Restrictions Began

January 1, 2012

Monitoring Began

2010

Size

Reserve: 6.8 sq km (2.6 sq mi) MPA: 13.2 sq km (5.1 sq mi)

Depth Range

0-80 m (0-262 ft)

Habitats

Emergent rocks and islands, kelp beds, large boulders, complex rocky reef, and soft bottom

Habitat Connectivity

Rocky reef habitats extend beyond the reserve.

Prior Fishing Pressure

Relatively high due to active local fisheries

Monitoring Comparison Areas

Humbug, Orford Reef, and McKenzie Reef

Design & Placement Matter

The ODFW Marine Reserves Program uses different monitoring tools tailored to each of Oregon’s marine reserves based on the reserve’s size, habitats, depths, prior fishing activities, and other unique characteristics of each reserve.

The Redfish Rocks Marine Reserve features complex and diverse habitats, and experienced relatively high fishing pressure on groundfish and sea urchins prior to closure. The marine reserve includes a variety of habitats and depths, providing protections for an assortment of previously harvested fish and invertebrate species. Most of the Redfish Rocks Reef is encompassed within the boundaries of the marine reserve, with additional rock habitat extending north and south outside of the reserve. The MPA provides further protection to groundfish species by only allowing the harvest of salmon and crab.

Sampling Approach

The design and placement of the marine reserve at Redfish Rocks allow us to evaluate how marine species respond to reserve protections — no fishing — compared to areas still open to fishing over time.

We are monitoring both inside the reserve and outside the reserve in “comparison areas” still open to fishing with similar habitats, depths, and fishing activity. We began sampling two years prior to the reserve being closed to fishing to identify initial conditions in the marine reserve and comparison areas and will continue sampling into the future to track how these areas change over time.

Monitoring Activities

We are using the following tools and sampling intervals to monitor the reserve at Redfish Rocks based on the site’s unique characteristics.

In addition to these activities, we are collaborating with Our Partners at PISCO, Oregon State University, and ODFW’s Shellfish Program to conduct some additional studies at the site. These include juvenile fish recruitment studies, pilot studies to test methods, as well as urchin and abalone surveys.

Find out more About the Science.

The information presented on this page has been provided by the Oregon Department of Fish & Wildlife

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